maternal mortality rate switzerland

This also allowed a direct comparison with the previous study periods. Two women died of ectopic pregnancy, and two women died in relation to a ruptured uterus. More than half (62.5%) of these women were known to suffer from a pre-existing cardiac disease. The current study did not analyse the distribution of nationalities because of limited data on nationality. BMC Med. The secondary outcomes included estimation of underreporting based on a cohort in the canton of Zurich, as well as calculation of the lethality of caesarean section compared with vaginal delivery and making comparisons between the maternal mortality ratios in Switzerland and neighbouring countries in Europe. Studies have provided evidence that socially disadvantaged and migrated women have worse perinatal outcomes and are at a higher risk for maternal mortality [23, 24]. Women with permanent residence in Switzerland, those who died in Switzerland or abroad, and those who died in Switzerland but were not residing permanently in Switzerland were included in the study. National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, 2018. doi:. A New Method for Deriving Global Estimates of Maternal Mortality Wilmot JR et al., Statistics, Politics and Policy, 2012, 3(2): 1-38; Related information. DOI: 2013;25(2):91–7. 212: Pregnancy and Heart Disease. WHO. Therefore, the MMR after caesarean section was 0.01%. Therefore, cases where death occurred within 365 days after delivery were included. A nonsignificant decrease in MMR due to infection was observed between the first and the second study periods (1985–1994: 1.1/100,000 live births, 1995–2004: 0.26/100,000) and has been unchanged since then [3, 4]. Of 41 non-pregnancy-related cases, almost half (20 cases) died of cancer within the first year after delivery. 2015;125(1):5–12. The cases were classified according to ICD-10 as “direct”, “indirect”, “non-pregnancy-related”, and “late” deaths. However, comparison of the study period of 1995–2004 with the first study period of 1985–1994 showed an increase of 59.2% [3]. Particularly, we would like to thank Prof. Michael J. Thali and Dr Sebastian Eggert from the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Zurich for their support in their archives. Perotto Laura, Zimmermann Roland, Quack Lötscher Katharina C. Klinik für Geburtshilfe, Universitätsspital Zürich, Switzerland. doi:. BMC Med. Compared with the maternal mortality ratio of other European countries described in the EURO-PERISTAT report published in 2018, Switzerland has one of the lowest rates in Europe [10]. 18 Main EK, Goffman D, Scavone BM, Low LK, Bingham D, Fontaine PL, et al. Maternal mortality in Switzerland 1995-2004. Core Indicators of the Health and Care of Pregnant Women and Babies in Europe in 2015. 6 Bundesamt für Statistik. doi:. The Federal Statistical Office (FSO) provided maternal death certificates for the years 2005 to 2014. Core Indicators of the Health and Care of Pregnant Women and Babies in Europe in 2015. National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, 2018. The infant mortality rate for Switzerland in 2018 was 3.369 deaths per 1000 live births, a 3.02% decline from 2017. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. In 16 cases, death occurred during pregnancy. The risk is particularly high during the postpartum period [22]. Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported – Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted. 2018;16(1):89. doi:. 2019;221(4):295–303. doi:. In all other direct cases, caesarean sections were due to pre-existing pregnancy-related diseases or conditions that were further aggravated during pregnancy: preeclampsia/HELLP (n = 3) and placental abruption (n = 2). If a woman passes away from an accident or a health issue that doesn't have anything to do with the pregnancy, then it is not considered a pregnancy-related death. This questionnaire covered personal anamnesis, family history, operations, prior pregnancies and deliveries, puerperium, mode of delivery, course of the pregnancy, fetal complications, and any available autopsy results. doi:. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00838-7 PubMed. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Switzerland was 5 deaths per 100,000 live births. Amniotic fluid embolism: analysis of the national registry. SMW is an international peer-reviewed medical journal, established in 1871. maternal mortality rate PM: the proportion of maternal deaths among deaths of women of reproductive age: PMMRC Perinatal and Maternal Mortality Review Committee (New Zealand) PPP purchasing power parity: RAMOS reproductive-age mortality study: SAB presence of a skilled attendant at birth as a proportion of total births: TAG technical advisory group Switzerland Maternal Mortality Rate 2000-2021, Switzerland maternal mortality rate for 2017 was, Switzerland maternal mortality rate for 2016 was, Switzerland maternal mortality rate for 2015 was, Switzerland maternal mortality rate for 2014 was. Available from: Bundesamt für Statistik. As yet there are no detailed numbers of the actual causes of death for Switzerland. In this study, maternal death due to thromboembolism was the third most common cause of death (0.38/100,000 live births). 2). In the light of quality assurance, the knowledge gained from this kind of study can improve the pregnancy outcome of future mothers. Although the mode of delivery was unknown in 42 cases, more than two thirds of those cases were non-pregnancy-related deaths. 9 EURO-PERISTAT Project with SCPE and EUROCAT. doi:. This represents a non-significant reduction of the direct maternal mortality ratio by 20.5% compared with the previous 10-year period. In the group of 26 direct obstetric deaths, 5 women died during pregnancy, 20 women gave birth and in 1 case it was not clear at which point death had occurred. Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch. As observed in the current study, this group of women is at a higher risk for perinatal mortality (table 5). For classifying the lethality of caesarean section, the death had to be temporally linked to the operation and the cause of death needed to be directly related to surgery [5]. +41 (0)61 467 85 55 Fax +41 (0)61 467 85 56 e-mail: Editorial office, EMH MediaSchweizerische ÄrztezeitungSwiss Medical ForumPrimary and Hospital CareCardiovascular MedicineSwiss Archives of Neurology, Psychiatry and PsychotherapySynapseSwiss Medical Informatics. As the graph below shows, over the past 17 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 13,900 in 2017 and a … Haemorrhage is still the leading cause of direct maternal mortality; the rate is similar to what it was in the early 1990s. A total of 41 non-pregnancy related deaths were analysed. In one indirect case, the woman had surgery for an ectopic pregnancy, developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and later died of thromboembolism. Deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy: incidence, pathogenesis and endovascular management. This increase can be attributed to rising numbers of women with heart disease and is likely to rise as the mean maternal age and obesity rates increase [13]. According to the EURO-PERISTAT report published in 2013, the MMR ranged from under 3 per 100,000 live births (Greece, Iceland, Finland, Poland) to over 12 per 100,000 live births (Hungary, Romania, Latvia) in Europe [6]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GCO.0b013e32835e0f11 PubMed. Avoidable mortality. The maternal mortality rate in the west has dropped drastically in the last 100 years. Maternal mortality rates range from 12 deaths per 100,000 live births in high-income countries to 546/100,000 live births for sub-Saharan Africa. To improve clinical care, maternal mortality should be assessed periodically. The second leading causes of direct obstetric deaths were amniotic fluid embolism and HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count) / preeclampsia. doi:. Mangla K, Hoffman MC, Trumpff C, O’Grady S, Monk C. Maternal self-harm deaths: an unrecognized and preventable outcome. 2017;7(S3, Suppl 3):S309–19. 12.10.2020 To assess underreporting of maternal deaths in Switzerland, the archive of the Institute of Forensic Medicine (IRM) was additionally searched for deaths in connection with pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. Available from: www.europeristat.com. European Perinatal Health Report 2010 - Health and Care of Pregnant Women and Babies in Europe in 2010. 2016;387(10017):462–74. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maternal mortality rate should be addressed to the CIA. doi:. 1995;172(4 Pt 1):1158–67, discussion 1167–9. In all three direct obstetric death cases, however, insufficient information was available to determine if the women had any risk factors that would have needed anticoagulant prophylaxis. Swiss Med Wkly. These adjusted calculations showed that suicide would be the leading cause of maternal deaths (1.65/100,000 births) in Switzerland, reflecting the global trend [16]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.056 PubMed. In 2009–2011 and 2012–14, the ratio decreased from 0.42 to 0.11/100,000 live births. No further information on psychological status was available. Swiss Archives of Neurology, Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00838-7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.08.586, https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/aktuell/neue-veroeffentlichungen.assetdetail.11348164.html, https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home.assetdetail.13187342.html, https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/bevoelkerung/geburten-todesfaelle/geburten.html, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003497, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000000564, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GCO.0b013e32835e0f11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.056, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000000869, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(95)91474-9, http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2017.10.08, http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-143-10-200511150-00006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-013-1403-x, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1064-0, I46.9 (Cardiac arrest, cause unspecified), I49.0 (I49.0 - Ventricular fibrillation and flutter), R99. The lethality after caesarean section was 0.0086‰ (2/231,385). European Perinatal Health Report 2010 - Health and Care of Pregnant Women and Babies in Europe in 2010. doi:. 2018;229:148–52. If the suicide cases are included in the direct mortality, the ratio would be 5.0/100,000 live births (table 4). Allisyn C Moran, PhD . doi:. DEFINITION: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality ratio, on the other hand, is the number of maternal deaths per … Public Service Open Access is also known als Diamond or Platinum OA. The direct maternal mortality ratio in the 10-year period between 2005 and 2014 was at least 3.30/100,000 live births in Switzerland. doi:. As much as 99% of all maternal deaths occurred in developing countries and most of these deaths could have been prevented. Although this had no effect on the direct maternal mortality ratio, the rate of underreporting for all maternal mortality cases was 11.1%. Two cases of infection were classified as direct deaths, and two as indirect deaths (table 3). doi:. In the previous study period, there were two non-pregnancy-related suicides [4]. Here we assume a global maternal mortality rate of 8 per 100,000 live births in 2015. The WHO application of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium: ICD MM. The maternal mortality ratio is the most widely used measure of maternal deaths. As too little information is available in Switzerland for an annual analysis, a periodic analysis of maternal deaths has been carried out at 10-year intervals since 1985. (Obstetric death of unspecified cause), The number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period, Deaths resulting from obstetric complications in the pregnant state (pregnancy, labour and puerperium), from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or from a chain of events resulting from any of the above, Deaths resulting from previously existing disease, or any disease that developed during pregnancy and was not the result of direct obstetric causes, but which was aggravated by the physiological effects of pregnancy, Deaths from unrelated causes which happen to occur in pregnancy or the puerperium, Deaths occurring between 42 days and 1 year after abortion, miscarriage or delivery that are due to direct or indirect maternal causes. Switzerland : Ranking - Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Ranking of the country (Switzerland) at the global level is (from the highest to the lowest data) : 154 / 181 See the entire classification To know : The highest data is : 2,054. Devis P, Knuttinen MG. This issue brief provides an overview of differences in maternal mortality, maternal care workforce composition, and access to postpartum care and social protections in the U.S. compared to 10 other high-income countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. 2019;134(4):881–2. 2018. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. Compared with the first study period, infection as the cause of death became much less prevalent (fig. Meili G, Huch R, Huch A, Zimmermann R. Mütterliche Mortalität in der Schweiz 1985–1994 [Maternal mortality in Switzerland 1985-1994]. When a woman dies from anything having to do with pregnancy, it is called maternal mortality or maternal death.1 Maternal death can happen while a woman is pregnant, during labor and delivery, or in the 42 days after childbirth or the termination of pregnancy. However, the direct maternal mortality ratio was also calculated with the suicides included to evaluate the new trend of classifying them as direct cases (table 4). Suizid nach Alter und Geschlecht (ohne assistierten Suizid) - 1995-2016 | Diagramm. Maternal deaths should be considered “unexpected death” and therefore undergo autopsy. 7 Bundesamt für Statistik. An in-depth questionnaire sent to the clinic that filled out the death certificate immediately after the registration of such deaths could improve the quality of data. In the two earlier studies, the lethality after caesarean section was 0.02‰ (1995–2004) and 0.09‰ (1985–1994), resulting in a reduction of 57% (p = n.s.) Compared with previous study periods, the number of deaths due to thromboembolism decreased (1985–1994: 1.35/100,000 [OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.08–1.0; p = 0.05] to 1995–2004: 0.78/100,000 live births [OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.12–1.96; p = n.s.,]) [3, 4]. Between 2005 and 2014, a total of 787,025 live births were registered in Switzerland, resulting in a direct MMR of 3.30/100,000 live births (26/787,025; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.0–4.5) during the time-period analysed. ; National Parternship for Maternal Safety; Council for Patient Safety in Women’s Health Care. Although overall mortality has reduced in the last 30 years, the number of women dying as a result of haemorrhage still accounts for roughly 35% of all direct maternal deaths (table 4). Am J Obstet Gynecol. In the first case, a previously healthy patient underwent a caesarean section due to prolonged labour. For the rates of amniotic fluid embolism, a reduction from the first to the second study period (0.74/100,000 to 0.64/100,000 live births) was observed, but no further decline in the amniotic fluid embolism rate since 2004 was observed [3, 4]. 2018. Surbek D, Hess T, Drack G. Expertenbriefe Nr. Here we assume a global maternal mortality rate of 900 per 100,000 live births in 2015. Among the 79 remaining women, 8 had spontaneous vaginal deliveries, 5 had vaginal operative deliveries and 24 had caesarean sections. In five cases, the women died because of uterine atony. 2018;16(1):89. doi:. In the UK also, the maternal mortality ratio due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy has significantly decreased [14]. 20 Clark SL, Hankins GD, Dudley DA, Dildy GA, Porter TF. As the third most common cause of death, “deaths due to first-trimester complications” (e.g., ectopic pregnancies and abortions) were registered, unlike the scenario in 2004 when thromboembolism and amniotic fluid embolism were more common. In the current study, the most common cause of direct obstetric death, if suicide were counted as indirect cause, was haemorrhage (1.14/100,000 live births). She developed heparin induced thrombocytaemia and died as a result. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-013-1403-x PubMed, 24 Heslehurst N, Brown H, Pemu A, Coleman H, Rankin J. Perinatal health outcomes and care among asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Please check your download folder. NOTE: The information regarding Maternal mortality rate on this page is re-published from the CIA World Factbook 2020. There was an overall increase in the number of maternal deaths analysed, as well as an increase in the number of indirect cases; however, an increase in direct maternal mortality was not observed. 1 Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Heit JA, Kobbervig CE, James AH, Petterson TM, Bailey KR, Melton LJ. In one case, the time of death could not be determined. Additionally, autopsy reports were available in only 25% of all cases. The direct maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was calculated by dividing the number of direct mortality cases by total number of births between 2005 and 2014. More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia. Another difficulty was the classification of deaths according to ICD-10 as opposed to ICD-MM, which was introduced in 2012. - Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births): 5 (#165 highest) ... - Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution (per 100,000 people): 20 (#153 highest) ... Switzerland's health-care system is one of the best in the world. This works out at around 1.26 million maternal deaths [140 million / [900 / 100,000] = 1.26 million]. Header image: http://dx.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2010.12768 PubMed, 5 Kallianidis AF, Schutte JM, van Roosmalen J, van den Akker T; Maternal Mortality and Severe Morbidity Audit Committee of the Netherlands Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The combined MMR (direct and indirect) was 6.61/100,000 live births (52 cases) (OR 4.8–8.4). 10 EURO-PERISTAT Project, European Perinatal Health Report. Regional Office for the Western P. Sustainable development goals (SDGs): Goal 3. Infection was the least common cause for direct obstetric death during this study period (0.26/100,000 live births). In one case, information was not provided as it was subject to an ongoing legal case. Creanga AA, Berg CJ, Syverson C, Seed K, Bruce FC, Callaghan WM. In the USA, cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of maternal death, as it accounts for almost 4.23 deaths per 100,000 live births [11, 12]. Trends in Maternal Mortality… https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20345 According to the MBRRACE-UK report, obstetricians need to pay special attention to women who are at risk for abnormal placentation and plan accordingly for their delivery to further reduce the rate of maternal deaths due to haemorrhage [19]. One other case was excluded as the autopsy stated that the woman was not pregnant at the time of her death and had not given birth in the previous year. 2015;125(1):5–12. Death was considered a direct result of caesarean section if the cause or mode of death was the direct result of surgical or anaesthetic complications. According to the EURO-PERISTAT report in 2010, compared with other European countries, Switzerland had the second highest percentage (41.1%) of mothers who were born abroad, being surpassed only by Luxembourg with 66% [9]. Available from: EURO-PERISTAT Project with SCPE and EUROCAT. Since that increase, a reduction in maternal mortality due to haemorrhage has occurred (fig. Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Switzerland, Russian Federation, United States The country data compiled, adjusted and used in the estimation model by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group ( MMEIG ). From 1990 to 2015, global maternal mortality fell from 385/100,000 to 216/100,000 live births, a reduction of 43.9%. In order to reduce underreporting, the WHO introduced in 2012 the International Classification of Disease for Maternal Mortality (ICD-MM), in which all suicides during pregnancy and up to a year after the birth are to be classified as direct obstetric deaths [15]. The indirect MMR was 3.68/100,000 live births. Knight MBK, Tuffnell D, Jayakody H, Shakespeare J, Kotnis R, Kenyon S, et al., eds. For an analysis of underreporting, cases from the Institute of Forensic Medicine (IRM), Zurich, were included. Design and layout by L’IV Com Sàrl, Villars-sous-Yens, Switzerland. See: emh.ch/en/emh/rights-and-licences/. Lancet. (Ill-defined and unknown cause of mortality), X59.9 (Exposure to unspecified factor causing other and unspecified injury), O95. Obstet Gynecol. To allow comparison between other countries the direct and indirect MMRs were combined. Definitions and data sources Potential years of life lost. Heslehurst N, Brown H, Pemu A, Coleman H, Rankin J. Perinatal health outcomes and care among asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of systematic reviews. The combined MMR was 6.61/100,000 live births (OR 4.8–8.4). This is a result of the reduced rates of hypertensive disorders, thromboembolism, infections and anaesthesia-related complications. 19 Knight MBK, Tuffnell D, Jayakody H, Shakespeare J, Kotnis R, Kenyon S, et al., eds. Regional Office for the Western P. Sustainable development goals (SDGs): Goal 3. In the current study, two cases were found in which a direct link to caesarean section seemed plausible and thus were used for the calculation of the lethality of a caesarean section. There was not enough information about the mental health history of these women to classify them as either direct deaths or non-pregnancy-related deaths. ; United Nations Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group collaborators and technical advisory group. It measures obstetric risk (i.e., the risk of dying once a woman is pregnant). The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. Compared with the previous study periods, a reduction could be observed (1985–1994: 1.23/100,000 live births vs 2005–2014: 0.64/100,000 live births, p = n.s.) Perceived health status by age and gender. Therefore, cases where death occurred within 365 days after delivery were included as well. Among the 96 analysed cases, 60 women were of unknown nationality. When the combined MMR (6.61/100,000), as described in the EURO-PERISTAT report, was compared with those of other European countries Switzerland had an MMR in the middle range [10]. This could be attributed to the fact that the inclusion criteria and recording of maternal mortality cases have improved. Indirect maternal mortality is increasing and specifically suicides need … May 2013. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. doi:. Obstet Gynecol. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maternal mortality rate information contained here. 8 Bundesamt für Statistik. Matern Child Health J. When the time-period analysed was divided into two, we observed a nonsignificant decrease in direct MMR from 3.99/100,000 (2005–2009: 15/375,745) to 2.67/100,000 (2010–2014: 11/411,271). 2014;18(7):1628–38. Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch. Maternal mortality in Switzerland 1995-2004. Deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy: incidence, pathogenesis and endovascular management. All death certificates having an ICD-10 classification code in the obstetric field as well as all death certificates with the code “F53” (puerperal psychosis) were included. Swiss Medical Weekly EMH Swiss Medical Publishers Ltd. Farnsburgerstrasse 8 CH-4132 Muttenz Tel. Fässler M, Zimmermann R, QuackLötscher KC. Since 2007, the FSO links birth data with the date of death of the mother, thus allowing women who had given birth in the year before their death to be identified. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on the proportion of maternal deaths among non-AIDS deaths in women ages 15-49, fertility, birth attendants, and GDP. Clark SL, Hankins GD, Dudley DA, Dildy GA, Porter TF. on behalf of MBRRACE-UK. The greatest reductions in all-cause mortality rate were The ethics committees of each participating canton approved this national cohort study (KEK Nr. 2003;43(3):158–65. Available from: https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home.assetdetail.13187342.html. Direct maternal mortality in Switzerland 1985–2014. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. A confidential enquiry board does not exist in Switzerland. In the two other indirect cases, both women suffered from known pre-existing vascular malformations and thus had received anticoagulant therapy. We received 117 cases from the FSO, and one additional case was found in the archives of the IRM. However, if all suicides had been classified as direct obstetric deaths in accordance with ICD-MM, then suicides would have been the leading cause of maternal deaths in Switzerland (table 4) and the direct MMR would be 5.0/100,000 live births. Available from: Moussa HN, Rajapreyar I. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. doi:. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. The risk for maternal mortality was significantly higher for women older than 35 years (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.14–3.53) (table 5). Article in German. Compared with the previous study period (1995–2004), a reduction in maternal mortality due to haemorrhage has been achieved. Maternal age, nationality and time of death in relation to delivery were analysed as demographic and temporal factors. 2010;140(1-2):25–30. doi:. 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Births, 32 cases ; P = n.s. patient Safety in women ’ S Health.. 13 women committed suicide 21 Devis P, Kurinczuk JJ, eds Inter-Agency group collaborators and technical advisory group direct. Of deaths according to ICD-10 as opposed to ICD-MM, which was in... To categorise them mortality ), X59.9 ( Exposure to unspecified factor causing other unspecified!: //dx.doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378 ( 95 ) 91474-9 PubMed, 22 Heit JA, Kobbervig CE, James AH Petterson! Haemorrhage that leads to maternal mortality among migrants in Western Europe: a meta-analysis mortality were. Still the leading cause of maternal mortality, Switzerland better user experience, we ask that you copy! Adolescent Health and Care of Pregnant women and Babies in Europe in 2010 Office for the years died because uterine. 3 ] Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe ( SGGG ) I. ACOG Practice Bulletin no and! 52 cases ) ( maternal mortality rate switzerland 4.8–8.4 ) all women with live births in a given.! Knight MBK, Tuffnell D, Hess T, Drack G. Expertenbriefe.. Is at a higher risk for Perinatal mortality ( table 5 ) WHO committed suicide Lötscher C.... With SCPE and EUROCAT ( i.e., the documentation of all maternal deaths is essential improve. Melton LJ approved this national cohort study ( KEK Nr Switzerland has a high of..., global maternal mortality in Switzerland 1985-1994 ] thus had received anticoagulant therapy, under... Hess T, Drack G. Expertenbriefe Nr P < 0.05, 95 % 0.02–0.42! Unknown cause of the women died because of limited data on nationality 67.9! Direct cause of maternal mortality rate for Switzerland Safe Motherhood Programme, Health! Knowledge gained from this kind of study can improve the pregnancy outcome of future mothers, Melton.! Hellp = haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, Low LK, Bingham D, Kenyon S, J! Or 0.09, P < 0.05, 95 % CI 0.02–0.42 ), a reduction of the incident developing... Keywords:: maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 births 1985-1999 2017 maternal ratio., QuackLötscher KC //dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003497 PubMed, 21 Devis P, Kurinczuk JJ, eds Health and Motherhood! As demographic and temporal factors 61 Indicator 3.5.2 Alcohol use... MMR maternal mortality rate for Switzerland 5. Rate: 5 deaths/100,000 live births ), and two women died relation... Is an important Indicator for quality control in obstetrics others ” the national registry dying reaching. ] = 1.26 million ] page is re-published from the Institute of Forensic Medicine ( )! Archives, one additional case was found by searching the archive of the healthcare system and even of prevailing inequalities...

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